|Welcome to you in Shuklaphanta Wildlife Reserve, Kanchanpur, Nepal|
Plant species under various IUCN threat categories:
- sal forest:- This climax vegetation type has Shorea robusta as the dominant species. Mature Sal stands up to 30 m in height. This vegetation can be further divided into lower plain sal and hill sal. Lower plain sal forest is in the south and hill sal forest in the north. Sal trees of the lower plain, are taller than the hill sal. In lower plain, sal dominates the canopy layer. Other associates of the canopy layer are Terminalia alata and Lagerstroemia parviflora. The canopy of hill sal forest is dominated by Shorea robusta with associates like Terminalia alata, Lagerstroemia parviflora and Terminalia bellirica. In some places, Pterocarpus marsupium may represent as canopy. The middle layer is dominated by Cleistocalyx operculatus, Buchanania latifolia, Mallotus philippensis and Careya arborea.
- Deciduous riverine forest:-This forest type occurs in those areas subjected to annual flooding or elevated river floodplain. Broadly, six forest types occur in the Reserve.
|Grassland in Shuklaphanta Wildlife Reserve|
1) Tall grassland primarily contained Species of Narenga, Saccharum and Themeda with phragmites in water-logged areas;
2) Short grassland included mainly Imperata; and 3) Recently vacated land (extended grassland) had very little ground cover with Cyanodon dactylon. Classification of grasslands in shuklaphata Wildlife Reserve , are given below:
a) Themeda Type:- Themeda villosa attain a height of 5 m and occupies large areas of the grassland. Other associates are Vetivera zizanioides, Imperata cylindrica and Cynodon dactylon.